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Perihal Gitar

Latihan Tabs, Skala Dan Akor Gitar qabl tatwir alghytar alkahrabayiyi waistikhdam almawadi alastnaeyt, tama taerif alghytar bi'anah 'adat dhat rqbt tawilat wmthbtt, wmwjh alsawt alkhshby almsth, waladlae, walzhr almsth, fi mezm al'ahyan mae aljawanib almnhny. yustakhdam almustalah ll'ishart 'iilaa eadad min alkwrdwfwnat alty tama tatwiriha waistikhdamaha fi jmye 'anha' awrwba, aibtida'an min alqarn alththani eshr, wabaed dhlk fi alamryktyn. nht alhajar aldhy yablugh eumruh 30000 sanatan min hisn hytyt yaleab sk alwtr hu 'aqdam tamthil 'ikwnwghrafy lwyhat kwrdwfwn wtynyt min babil yuzhir alnaas yaleabun 'adat laha tashabah qawiin mae alghytar, mimaa yushir 'iilaa 'asl bably muhtamal l ghytar. waqad tama tatbiq alghytar kalimat alhdyth, walswabq lha, limajmueat wasieat min alkwrdwfwnat mundh aleasr alklasyky, waealaa hdha alnahw yusabib alartbak. waqad tama tabaniy kl min alghytar al'injlyzy, walghytar alalmany, walghytar alfaransiu min alghytar al'isbany, aldhy yati min allughat al'iinjliziat alandlsy (alqysr) wallatynyt sythara, alty ja'at bidawriha min alyunaniat alqadimat kithara (kythara). wayudhkar aledyd min altathyrat kswabq llghytar alhdyth. ela alrghm mn 'ana tatwir 'aqrab alqytharat faqadat fi tarikh 'iisbania fi aleswr alwsta, waithnayn min alskwk eadatan ma yushar 'iilayha aslafhm al'akthar nfwdha, alewd al'uwrubiyu wabn emh, alewd arbet slsl. tama jalb hdha al'akhir 'iilaa al'iybrya min qibal murs fi alqarn 8th.

ela alaql athnyn min al'adawat tusamaa alqytharat kanat qayd alaistikhdam fi 'iisbania min qibal 1200: alghytar latayna (alghytar allatyny) wama yusamaa alghytar mwryska (alghytar almgharby). wakan alghytar mwryska alzuhr mdwrt, al'asabie waset, waledyd min althqwb alswt. kan alghytar atayna thqb sawt wahid wenq adyq. wbhlwl alqarn alrrabie eshr qad tama 'iisqat almwhlat mwryska 'aw mwryska w latyna, wakanat hadhih alkwrdwfwn athnyn bbsatt yushar 'iilayha biaism alqytharat. watuetabar fywyla al'isbanyt, alty yutliq ealayha al'iitalia fywla da manw, 'adat tushbih alghytar fi alqarnayn alkhamis eashar walsabe eshr, ealaa nitaq wasie 'anaha kanat 'ahamu tathir fi tatwir alghytar albarwky. kan ladayha st dawrat (ead), dabt mithl alewd fi rabie waljism tushbih aljsm, ela alrghm mn 'ana altmthylat almubakirat takshif ean 'adat mae alkhsr qate had. wakan 'aydaan 'akbar min almueasirat arbet alqytharat. bhlwl alqarn alssadis eshr, kan bina' fyhwyla 'akthar shywea mae alghytar alhdyth, mae adlaeh almnhnyt dhat alqtet alwahdt, 'akthar min almkhalfat, wa'akthar min dhlk mithl nuskhat 'akbar min alqytharat alarbet almeasr. lm tatamatae fywyla siwaa fatrat qasirat nisbiaan min shaebiat fi 'iisbania wa'iitalia khilal hiqbat yhymn ealayha fi 'amakin 'ukhraa fi 'uwrubba min qibal alewd; zaharat akhar almusiqaa almanshurat ealaa qayd alhayat llalt fi eam 1576. wafi alwaqt nfsh, fa'iina alghytar albarwky almualaf min khms marahil waladhi tama twthyqh fi 'iisbania mundh muntasaf alqarn alssadis eshr, hzy bishaebiat khasatan fi 'iisbania wa'iitalia wafaransa min 'awakhir alqarn alssadis eashar 'iilaa fi muntasaf alqarn alththamin eshr. fi albrtghal, 'asharat kalimat fywla 'iilaa alghytar, kama alghytar yaeni alghytar albrtghaly, wamajmueat mutanawieat min shryj. Perihal Gitar

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